Project developers : Product development / Design
Partners: Recyclers / Sorting operators

Designing a textile product which is easier to recycle

The product categories concerned

Context and description

The end-of-life of clothing textiles and household linen is composed of several stages: the products are firstly collected, then sorted before being sent for reuse or recycling (cutting, tearing, garnetting or shredding).

In order to optimise this recycling stage, in other words obtain a maximum of material using a single recycling process, it is essential to anticipate this stage at the time of design.

In effect, numerous elements can influence / disrupt product recycling.

Conversely, encouraging elements which facilitate recycling at the time of design will enable the end-of-life stage to be simplified.



Complexity of implementation


Estimated economic gain


Human means

1 year
2 seasons

Implementation timeframes

Try it! : Follow the sheet step by step and have a go!
Step of
  • Make designers aware of eco-design and present them with eco-design recommendations (See Sheet: Try it!: Training my personnel in the stakes of eco-design).

    This stage is key to the success of the initiative; It's the designers who chose the materials and accessories the products are made from and it is essential that they integrate the environmental aspect in their decisions along with other criteria (price, design, quality).

    Choose the date of my alert to complete this stage

  • Based on the product sheet, list all of the components: main material, lining, accessories (buttons, zips, drawstring...). Question the function of each component and apply the recommendations set out in detail in the next stages (See Tool 1 p.34).

    Choose the date of my alert to complete this stage

  • When designing the collection, prefer products made from single component materials (100% cotton for example) or from a maximum of two components (cotton and polyester).

    Choose the date of my alert to complete this stage

  • Limit the use of elastane (5% maximum). In effect, the presence of elastane disrupts recycling as it provokes mechanical problems.

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  • Limit finishes. Focus on functional finishes as opposed to aesthetic finishes.

    In effect, they are likely to damage recycling tools, create impurities in finished products (carbonisation) and provoke qualitative losses.

    Choose the date of my alert to complete this stage

  • Limit hard points and accessories (slide fastener, button, hook, eyelet, …) and / or try to regroup them in the same place (See Sheet: Try it!: Reducing product sorting disruptors).

    Choose the date of my alert to complete this stage

  • For clothing made from synthetic fibres, homogenise the composition of supplies / accessories with those of the article. For example, for a shirt made from PET, chose a PET sewing thread, PET buttons, a label made from PET …

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  • In order to facilitate the work of sorting operators, ensure that the composition listed on the label is exact and precise. Consider printing the composition on the item of clothing to enable it to be identified even if the label is cut out.

    Choose the date of my alert to complete this stage

  • During the end of season review, promote the eco-designed products having performed well commercially in order to take inspiration from them for future collections.

    Choose the date of my alert to complete this stage

Key indicators

- Number of components facilitating recycling.

- Number of single component products.

Watch point

Designers must be made aware to enable them to make the right choices in terms of materials and accessories.

What did you think of the sheet?

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What is Eco design?

Eco design is a platform whose purpose is to provide information and assist textile and footwear brands to rise to the eco-design challenge. This platform is a Refashion initiative (formerly Eco TLC), a public authority-approved eco-organisation for the CHF industry (Clothing, Household linen and Footwear).

Our vision: a 100% circular textile and footwear industry.

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